Showing posts with label Nelumbo nucifera. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Nelumbo nucifera. Show all posts

Saturday, November 15, 2014

Nelumbo nucifera, Lotus, Kamal, Tamara

Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
Family: Nelumbonaceae

Common name: Lotus, Sacred lotus, East Indian Lotus
Arabic: نيلومبو جوزي
Assamese: Padam
Bengali: কমল Komol, পদ্মা Padma
Bulgarian: Индийски лотос
Chinese: 莲
German: Indische Lotosblume
Gujarati: Motunkamal
Hindi: कमल Kamal, Pundarika, पद्म Padma
Indonesian: Seroja
Kannada: ಕಮಲ kamala, Tavare-gadde
Malayalam: താമര Tamara
Manipuri: থম্বাল Thambal
Marathi: Pandkanda, कमल Kamal
Oriya: ପଦମ Padam
Persian: لاله مردابی
Polish: Lotos orzechodajny
Sanskrit: सरसिज Sarsija, Pankeruha, शारदा Sharada, अम्बुज Ambuj, Kamalam
Tamil: தாமரை Tamarai, அம்பல் Ambal
Telugu: తామర పువ్వు Tamara puvvu,
Turkish: Hint lotusu
Urdu: نیلوفر Nilufer
Vietnamese: Sen hồng

Ayurvedic uses: Rapktapitta, Visarpa, Trishna Daaha, Vvishavikara, Chardi, Mutcha, Kasa, Vatagulam, visarpa, visphota, Mutrakruchha, jvara, Bhrama, Hrudroga (API)

The lotus is revered across Asia wherever Hinduism and Buddhism predominate, and it is the most sacred plant in Thailand. Lotus flowers can be found growing on the grounds of most temples, universities, and government buildings. They are commonly given to monks by the devout as symbols of reverence and are positioned prominently upon Buddhist altars across Thailand. The lotus is symbolic of the human soul’s transmigration through life. Growing in swamps, the plant begins its life-cycle under muddy water, slowly breaking through to the surface, where it blooms. Similarly, in the Buddhist and Hindu belief system, the soul is reincarnated again and again in the “mud” of the world, until it breaks through to the surface and blooms in Enlightenment. [A Thai Herbal Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony]

Used  in  Ayurveda,  Unani  and  Sidha.  Milky  viscid  juice of  the  leaves  astringent  and  cooling,  useful  in  dysentery and  diarrhea.  Rhizome  powder  taken  to  cure  piles;  rhizome  extract  given  for  diarrhea,  dysentery  and  dyspepsia; cooked tubers eaten for dropsy; rhizome paste used against ringworms. Paste of leaves and rhizome used in ringworm. Flowers as cooling astringent in diarrhea and cholera, also a cardiac tonic. Ceremonial, ritual, rosaries made of seeds, wealth rituals for worshipping Lakshmi/Laxmi as goddess; flowers offered to Lord Shiva, offered to deities by Hindus during worship. [CRC World Dictionary of MEDICINAL AND POISONOUS PLANTS Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology]

Phytoconstituents:  Nuciferin,  nornuciferin,  nelumboroside A & B ,   nelumstemine,  dotriacontane,  ricinoleic,  roemerin,  liensinine,  neferine,  lotusine, liriodenine, asimilobin, pronuciferine and others.
Traditional  Medicinal  Uses:  The  leaves  are  used  to  treat  sunstroke,  diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, dizziness and vomiting of blood.[9] The plant is used as  an antidote for mushroom poisoning and for  smallpox. In Ayurveda, the  plant  is  used  to  treat  cholera,  diarrhoea,  worm  infestation,  vomiting,  exhaustion and intermittent fever. The fruits are used in decoction for agitation, fever, heart and haematemesis while the stamens are used to “purify the  heart, permeate the kidneys,  strengthen virility, to blacken the hair,  for haemoptysis  and  spermatorrhoea”. They  are  also  used  to  treat  premature  ejaculation,  as  astringent  for  bleeding,  excessive  bleeding  from  the  uterus, abdominal cramps, bloody discharges, metrorrhagia, non-expulsion  of the amniotic sac, and as cooling agent during cholera. The seeds  are  believed  to  promote  virility,  for  leucorrhoea  and  gonorrhoea. Powdered  beans  are used in treating digestive disorders, particularly diarrhoea. They  are also used as a tonic, for enteritis, insomnia, metrorrhagia, neurasthenia,  nightmare, spermatorrhoea, splenitis and seminal emissions. The roots are  for the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, dyspepsia, ringworm and other skin  ailments and as a tonic as well.

Bio-Activities.    Vasodilation  (methylcorypalline),  uterine  smooth  muscle relaxation demethylcoclaurine)  (1),  hypotensive  (liensinine, benzylisoquinoline dimer) (2), antihypercholesterolaemic (3). Chemical  components. Alkaloids  (1):  lotusine,  demethylcoclaurine, liensinine,  isoliensinine,  neferine,  nornuciferine,  pronuciferine, methylcorypalline, norarmepavine, liriodenine. Flavonoids (4): nelumboside. [ Medicinal  Plants  in the Republic of Korea]

In Asia, the fruits of the lotus, or lian, fu chu (Chinese), and teratai (Malay), are sold in the market for the seeds, which are edible and medicinal. In China, the seeds are used to preserve the body’s  health  and  strength,  to  cool,  to  promote  blood  circulation,  and  to  treat  leucorrhea  and gonorrhea. The rhizomes are edible and after cooking they form a sweet mucilaginous food that is taken to assuage a stomachache, to strengthen the body, to increase the mental faculties, and to quiet the spirit. The inflorescence is antihemorrhagic, and given as a postpartum remedy. The leaves are used to break fever, as an antihemorrhagic, to precipitate childbirth, and to treat skin diseases. The petiole is used to quiet the uterus. The flowers are spoken of in the Pentsao and believed to drive away old age and to give a fine complexion. [Medicinal Plants  of Asia  and the Pacific]

Vomiting, haemoptysis, tachycardia, pyrexia, stiffness of neck, giddiness, restlessness, leucorrhoea, spermatorrhoea, impotency and aging. Dosage: Dried powder is orally used in a dose of 8 - 10 gm per day and decoction is used in the dose of 25 - 50 ml per day. [MEDICINAL PLANTS OF MYANMAR]

760 Published articles of Nelumbo nucifera

Monday, September 24, 2012

Nelumbo nucifera Tamara Kamal Padmam


Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Synonyms: Nelumbium nuciferum, Nelumbo caspica, Nelumbo caspica, Nelumbo komarovii, Nelumbo speciosa, Nymphaea nelumbo
Arabic :   Nilufer, Uss-ul-nilufer, جذور اللوتس
Assamese: পদম padam
Bengali: কমল komol , Kombol, Komal, Pudmapudu, Padama
Burmese :  Padung ma.
Chinese :   荷  He,    荷花    He hua,      荷叶  He ye,   莲   Lian,   蓮   Lian  (Taiwan).
English : East Indian lotus,  Egyptian lotus, Indian lotus, Lotus,  Lotus root,  Oriental lotus,  Sacred bean of India, Sacred lotus, Sacred water lily.
French : Fève d'Egypte, Lotus des Indes,  Lotus du Nil, Lotus indien, Lotus Magnolia,  Lotus sacré, Lotus sacré de l'Inde.
German :  Indischer Lotus, Indischer Lotusblume.
Gujarati: kamal , કમળ
Hindi: कमल kamal, कन्वल kanwal
Italian :   Fior di loto, Loto.
Japanese :    ハス  Hasu,   レンコン   Renkon.
kannada: ತಾವರೆ tavare
Korean :  Yon puri (root).
Malay :  Bunga telpok, Seroja, Teratai.
Malayalam: താമര tamara
Manipuri: থম্বাল thambal
Marathi: कमळ kamal
Nepalese :   Kamal,    Raato kamal,     Raato thuulo kamal.
Oriya: ପଦମ padam
Persian :   Nilufer.
Portuguese :    Flor-de-lótus, Lótus-da-índia, Lótus-do-Egito, Lótus-egípcio, Lótus-sagrado.
Russian :  Лотос орехоносный.
Sanskrit: अम्बुज ambuj, कमल kamala, पद्म padma, पंकज pankaja, सरसिज sarsija, शारदा sharada
Sinhalese :  Nelum.
Spanish : Loto sagrado, Rosa del Nilo, Raiz de lotus (root).
Tamil: அம்பல் ambal, தாமரை tamarai
Telugu: తామర Tamara, కలువ kaluva
Thai :   บัวหลวง    Bua luang.
Urdu: نیلوفر , nilufer

Ayurvedic uses: Raktapitta, Visarpa, TTrushna, Daha, Vishavikara, Chardi, Raktapitta, Murcha, Kasa, Vatagulma, Visarpa, Visphota, Mutrakruchra, Dansodbhava, Jvara, Bhrama, Sosha, Hrudroga.

Activitie: Antibacterial,  Anticancer,  Antidote,  Antidote, alcohol,  Antidote, mushroom,  Antipyretic,  Antispasmodic,  Aphrodisiac,  Astringent,  Cardiotonic,  Cerebrotonic,  CNS Depressant,  Cytotoxic,  Demulcent,  Depurative,  Diaphoretic,  Diuretic,  Hemostat,  Nervine,  Sedative,  Tonic,  Uterotonic,  Vermifuge (Handbook of Medicinal Herbs).

Action: Filament—astringent and haemostatic. Prescribed for bleeding piles and menorrhagia. Flowers—a decoction is given in cholera, fever, strangury, palpitation of heart. Rhizomes—given in piles, chronic dyspepsia and dysentery; applied externally to cutaneous eruptions, scabies and ringworm. Rhizome-arrowroot— given to children in diarrhoea and dysentery. Root—astringent, diuretic, antiemetic, cooling. Used for dysentery, dyspepsia, piles, skin affections and for its anticoagulant properties (Indian Medicinal Plants Ayurveda).

Indications: Vomiting, haemoptysis, tachycardia, pyrexia, stiffness of neck, giddiness, restlessness, leucorrhoea, spermatorrhoea, impotency and aging (Medicinal Plants of Myanmar).

Siddha uses: Suram, Kayachal, Kan erichal, Neervetkai

Relaxing effect on smooth muscles, increases essential body energies (Taiwanese Native Medicinal Plants).

329 Published articles of Nelumbo nucifera
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