Sunday, January 18, 2015

Pachyrhizus erosus, Jicama, Sankalu



Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb.
Family: Leguminosae / Fabaceae

Synonyms: Cacara bulbosa Thouars, Cacara bulbosa Rumphius ex Du Petit-Thouars, Cacara erosa (L.) Kuntze, Cacara palmatiloba (DC.) Kuntze, Dolichos articulatus Lam., Dolichos bulbosus L., Dolichos erosus L., Dolichos palmatilobus DC., Pachyrhizus angulatus DC., Pachyrhizus articulatus Walp., Pachyrhizus bulbosus (L.) Kurz, Pachyrhizus erosus var. erosus, Pachyrhizus erosus var. palmatilobus (DC.) R.T.Clausen, Pachyrhizus erosus var. typicus R.T.Clausen, Pachyrhizus jicamas Blanco, Pachyrhizus palmatilobus (DC.) Benth. & Hook.f., Pachyrhizus strigosus R.T.Clausen, Robynsia lobata M.Martens & Galeotti, Robynsia macrophylla M.Martens & Galeotti, Stizolobium bulbosum (L.) Spreng., Stizolobium domingense Spreng., Taeniocarpum articulatum (Lam.) Desv.


English: jicama, Yam-Bean
Arabic: هيكاما
Bengali: Sakalu
Chinese: 番葛
Finnish: Pikkujamssipapu
French: Pachyrhize rongé
Hindi: संकालू , sankalu
Japanese:  kuso-imo
Thai: มันแกว
Vietnamese: Cây củ đậu

Description: Perennial, Herbs, Vines, twining, c limbing, Taproot present, Nodules present, Stems prostrate, trailing, or mat forming, Stems less than 1 m tall, Stems greater than 2 m tall, Stems solid, Stems or young twigs sparsely to densely hairy, Leaves alternate, Leaves petiolate, Stipules conspicuous, Stipules green, triangulate to lanceolate or foliaceous, Leaves compound, Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, Leaf or leaflet margins entire, Leaflets lobed or hastate, Leaflets opposite, Stipels present at base of leaflets, Leaflets 3, Leaves glabrous or nearly so, Leaves hairy on one or both surfaces, Inflorescences racemes, Inflorescence axillary, Bracts very small, absent or caducous, Bracteoles present, Flowers zygomorphic, Calyx 5-lobed, Calyx 2-lipped or 2-lobed, Calyx glabrous, Calyx hairy, Petals separate, Corolla papilionaceous, Petals clawed, Petals white, Petals blue, lavander to purple, or violet, Petals bicolored or with red, purple or yellow streaks or spots, Banner petal suborbicular, broadly rounded, Banner petal auriculate, Wing petals narrow, oblanceolate to oblong, Wing petals auriculate, Wing petals incurved, Keel abruptly curved, or spirally coiled, Keel tips obtuse or rounded, not beaked, Stamens 9-10, Stamens diadelphous, 9 united, 1 free, Filaments glabrous, Style flattened, Style sharply bent, Style hairy, Style hairy on one side only, Fruit a legume, Fruit unilocular, Fruit freely dehiscent, Fruit elongate, straight, Fruit exserted from calyx, Fruit compressed between seeds, Fruit hairy, Fruit 3-10 seeded, Seeds subquadrate, Seed surface smooth, Seeds olive, brown, or black.

Used in Ayurveda. Toxins, leaves, ripe beans and mature seeds  poisonous;  young  hairy  pods  cause  irritation.  Seeds for skin diseases, boils; seed oil can be used as a purgative, anthelmintic, insecticide. Flour obtained from tubers in the treatment of dysentery and hemorrhoids. Root to cure fever, headache, cholera, smallpox and to stop bleeding. Seeds stupefy fish. [CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants].

136 Published articles of Pachyrhizus erosus
1.    STABILIZING OIL-IN-WATER EMULSIONS WITH YAM BEAN (Pachyrhizus erosus L. URBAN) SOLIDS
Carrera, Y.; Garcia-Marquez, E.; Aguirre-Mandujano, E.; et al.
REVISTA MEXICANA DE INGENIERIA QUIMICA  Volume: 13   Issue: 2   Pages: 447-456   Published: AUG 2014

2.    Purification and Characterization of a Novel Type I Ribosome Inactivating Protein, Pachyerosin, from Pachyrhizus erosus Seeds, and Preparation of its Immunotoxin against Human Hepatoma Cells
Guo, Jin-Lin; Cheng, Yuan-Liu; Qiu, Yi; et al.
PLANTA MEDICA  Volume: 80   Issue: 11   Pages: 896-901   Published: JUL 2014

3.    Line x Tester Analysis for Quantitative Traits in Yam Bean (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urb.)
Jha, V. B.; Singh, Birender
Annals of Biology (Hissar)  Volume: 30   Issue: 2   Pages: 303-306   Published: JUN 2014

4.    Rotenone isolated from Pachyrhizus erosus displays cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in K562 cells
Estrella-Parra, Edgar A.; Gomez-Verjan, Juan C.; Gonzalez-Sanchez, Ignacio; et al.
NATURAL PRODUCT RESEARCH  Volume: 28   Issue: 20   Pages: 1780-1785   Published: 2014

5.    Topical composition useful as cosmetic and soap composition, for promoting skin regeneration and collagen biosynthesis, preventing wrinkles, and whitening and moisturizing, comprises Pachyrhizus erosus extract
Patent Number: KR2014079571-A
Patent Assignee: DURAE CORP
Inventor(s): LEE H; BRYAN; KIM M J.

6.    Immunomodulatory activity of Bengkoang (Pachyrhizus erosus) fiber extract in vitro and in vivo
Kumalasari, Ika Dyah; Nishi, Kosuke; Harmayani, Eni; et al.
CYTOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 66   Issue: 1   Pages: 75-85   Published: JAN 2014

7.    Bioactive compounds in bengkoang ( Pachyrhizus erosus) as antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibition agents.
Lukitaningsih, E.; Holzgrabe, U.
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy  Volume: 25   Issue: 2   Pages: 68-75   Published: 2014

8.    Skin cosmetics e.g. cream, milky lotion, skin lotion, cosmetic liquid, and pack agent for face, comprises specified amount of water-swellable clay mineral, and Pachyrhizus erosus extract in conversion of solid content
Patent Number: JP2014028795-A
Patent Assignee: LION CORP
Inventor(s): TANIGUCHI K; NINOMIYA K.

9.    Combination of low-concentration of novel phytoestrogen (8,9)-furanyl-pterocarpan-3-ol from Pachyrhizus erosus attenuated tamoxifen-associated growth inhibition on breast cancer T47D cells
Nurrochmad, Arief; Lukitaningsih, Endang; Monikawati, Ameilinda; et al.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine  Volume: 3   Issue: 11   Pages: 847-852   Published: NOV 2013

10.    Effect of bengkoang (Pachyrhizus erosus) fiber extract on murine macrophage-like J774.1 cells and mouse peritoneal macrophages
Kumalasari, Ika Dyah; Nishi, Kosuke; Harmayani, Eni; et al.
JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS  Volume: 5   Issue: 2   Pages: 582-589   Published: APR 2013

11.    Tyrosinase inhibition type of isolated compounds obtained from Pachyrhizus erosus.
Lukitaningsih, E.; Bahi, M.; Holzgrabe, U.
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology  Volume: 2   Issue: 3   Pages: 98-102   Published: 2013

12.    Presence of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli pathotypes, Salmonella and indicator bacteria on fresh-cut jicama [ Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban] from public markets in Mexico.
Gomez-Aldapa, C. A.; Rangel-Vargas, E.; Bautista de Leon, H.; et al.
African Journal of Microbiology Research  Volume: 7   Issue: 34   Pages: 4323-4330   Published: 2013

13.    Yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus) tuber processing in Benin: production and evaluation of the quality of yam bean- gari and yam bean-fortified gari.
Hounyevou, A. K.; Ahounou, J. L.; Houssou, A. P.; et al.
International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences  Volume: 7   Issue: 1   Pages: 247-259   Published: 2013

14.    Introduction de Pachyrhizus erosus dans la zone des Niayes au Senegal: etude de sa composition chimique et de sa valeur fourragere.
Introduction of Pachyrhizus erosus in the Niayes region in Senegal: study of its chemical composition and its fodder value.
Ngom, S.; Thiam, M. B.; Traore, E.; et al.
Livestock Research for Rural Development  Volume: 25   Issue: 5   Pages: Article 84   Published: 2013

15.    Enzymatic liquefaction of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) tuberous roots and characterization of the cell walls after processing
Mayela Ramos-de-la-Pena, Ana; Renard, Catherine M. G. C.; Wicker, Louise; et al.
LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 49   Issue: 2   Special Issue: SI   Pages: 257-262   Published: DEC 2012

16.    Optimization of the liquefaction and saccharification of structural polysaccharides of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus L.) tissue by enzymatic pulping
Ramos-de-la-Pena, Ana Mayela; Renard, Catherine M. G. C.; Wicker, Louise; et al.
LWT-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 46   Issue: 1   Pages: 232-238   Published: APR 2012

17.    First Report of Soybean Rust Caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi on Pachyrhizus erosus in the United States
Delaney, M. A.; Sikora, E. J.; Delaney, D. P.; et al.
PLANT DISEASE  Volume: 95   Issue: 8   Pages: 1034-1034   Published: AUG 2011

18.    Enrichment of stirred yogurt with soluble dietary fiber from Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban: Effect on syneresis, microstructure and rheological properties
Ramirez-Santiago, C.; Ramos-Solis, L.; Lobato-Calleros, C.; et al.
JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING  Volume: 101   Issue: 3   Pages: 229-235   Published: DEC 2010

19.    Phytoestrogens of Pachyrhizus erosus prevent bone loss in an ovariectomized rat model of osteoporosis.
Nurrochmad, A.; Leviana, F.; Wulancarsari, C. G.; et al.
International Journal of Phytomedicine  Volume: 2   Issue: 4   Pages: 363-372   Published: 2010

20.    Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp nov and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus
Helena Ramirez-Bahena, Martha; Peix, Alvaro; Rivas, Raul; et al.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY  Volume: 59   Pages: 1929-1934   Part: 8   Published: AUG 2009

21.    Isolation and characterization of bacteria involved in nodulation and nitrogen fixation in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus).
Poi, S. C.; Pal, P. K.
Journal of Mycopathological Research  Volume: 47   Issue: 2   Pages: 203-206   Published: 2009
  from Publisher  

22.    Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi sp. nov. and Bradyrhizobium jicamae sp. nov., isolated from effective nodules of Pachyrhizus erosus.
Ramirez-Bahena, M. H.; Peix, A.; Rivas, R.; et al.
International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology  Volume: 59   Issue: 8   Pages: 1929-1934   Published: 2009

23.    First report of Bean common mosaic virus in yam bean [Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban] in Indonesia
Damayanti, Tri Asmira; Susilo, Desmiarti; Nurlaelah, Siti; et al.
JOURNAL OF GENERAL PLANT PATHOLOGY  Volume: 74   Issue: 6   Pages: 438-442   Published: DEC 2008

24.    Optimization of osmotic dehydration of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) using an orthogonal experimental design
Abud-Archila, M.; Vazquez-Mandujano, D. G.; Ruiz-Cabrera, M. A.; et al.
JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING  Volume: 84   Issue: 3   Pages: 413-419   Published: FEB 2008

25.    Uptake, degradation and chiral discrimination of N-acyl-D/L-homoserine lactones by barley (Hordeum vulgare) and yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) plants
Goetz, Christine; Fekete, Agnes; Gebefuegi, Istvan; et al.
ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY  Volume: 389   Issue: 5   Pages: 1447-1457   Published: NOV 2007

26.    Characterisation of Jicama (Mexican potato) (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban) starch from taproots grown in USA and Mexico
Stevenson, David. G.; Jane, Jay-lin; Inglett, George E.
STARCH-STARKE  Volume: 59   Issue: 3-4   Pages: 132-140   Published: MAR 2007

27.    Nutritional and anti-nutritional components in Pachyrhizus erosus L. tuber
Noman, A. S. M.; Hoque, M. A.; Haque, M. M.; et al.
FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 102   Issue: 4   Pages: 1112-1118   Published: 2007

28.    Genetic variation over locations for morphotypic traits in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urb.).
Jha, V. B.; Verma, V. S.
Orissa Journal of Horticulture  Volume: 35   Issue: 1   Pages: 54-57   Published: 2007

29.    Effect of flower pruning on the tuber yield of four yam bean accessions (Pachyrhizus erosus)
Adjahossou, DF
CAHIERS AGRICULTURES  Volume: 15   Issue: 2   Pages: 213-219   Published: MAR-APR 2006

30.    2B1N: Crystal structure of a papain-fold protein without the catalytic cysteine from seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus
Zhang, M; Wei, Z; Chang, S
Worldwide Protein Data Bank
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2210/pdb2b1n/pdb
Document Type: Data set

31.    2B1M: Crystal structure of a papain-fold protein without the catalytic cysteine from seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus
Zhang, M; Wei, Z; Chang, S
Worldwide Protein Data Bank
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2210/pdb2b1m/pdb
Document Type: Data set

32.    2B1M: Crystal structure of a papain-fold protein without the catalytic cysteine from seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus.
Zhang, M; Wei, Z; Chang, S
Protein Data Bank
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2210/pdb2b1m/pdb Version: 1.700#1.1
Document Type: Data set

33.    2B1N: Crystal structure of a papain-fold protein without the catalytic cysteine from seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus.
Zhang, M; Wei, Z; Chang, S
Protein Data Bank
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2210/pdb2b1n/pdb Version: 1.700#1.1
Document Type: Data set

34.    Purification and some properties of alpha-amylase from post-harvest Pachyrhizus erosus L. tuber
Noman, ASM; Hoque, MA; Sen, PK; et al.
FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 99   Issue: 3   Pages: 444-449   Published: 2006

35.    Combining ability analysis for biochemical traits in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urb.).
Jha, V. B.
Journal of Interacademicia  Volume: 10   Issue: 3   Pages: 298-303   Published: 2006

36.    Association analysis for various traits in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urb) at two locations.
Jha, V. B.; Verma, V. S.
Orissa Journal of Horticulture  Volume: 34   Issue: 2   Pages: 106-109   Published: 2006

37.    Preparation and properties of pregelatinized cassava (Manihot esculenta. Crantz) and Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) starches using ohmic heating
Martinez-Bustos, F; Lopez-Soto, M; Zazueta-Morales, JJ; et al.
AGROCIENCIA  Volume: 39   Issue: 3   Pages: 275-283   Published: MAY-JUN 2005

38.    Skin external preparation contains (a solvent extract of) Dioscorea mexicana, Loranthus, Symplocos racemosa, Pachyrhizus erosus, Cedrus deodara, Quercus lusitanica, Woodfordia fruticosa and/or Terminalia arborea
Patent Number: JP2004352658-A
Patent Assignee: SHISEIDO CO LTD

39.    Effect of dates of sowing on dry matter production and partitioning in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L) Urban).
Nedunchezhiyan, M.; Ray, R. C.
Annals of Tropical Research  Volume: 27   Issue: 2   Pages: 31-42   Published: 2005

40.    Performance of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L, Urban) genotypes in rainfed conditions of Eastern Ghat High Land Zone of Orissa.
Swain, S. C.; Rath, S.
Orissa Journal of Horticulture  Volume: 33   Issue: 2   Pages: 53-56   Published: 2005

41.    Microsomal detoxification enzymes in yam bean [Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban]
Belford, EJD; Dorfler, U; Stampfl, A; et al.
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES  Volume: 59   Issue: 9-10   Pages: 693-700   Published: SEP-OCT 2004

42.    Effect of Acidithiobacillus on solubilization of natural phosphate in a coastal tableland soil under yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) crop
Stamford, NP; Moura, AMMF; Santos, KS; et al.
REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIA DO SOLO  Volume: 28   Issue: 1   Pages: 75-83   Published: JAN-FEB 2004

43.    Antifungal activity of seed powders, extracts, and secondary metabolites of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) urban (Fabaceae) against three postharvest fungi
Barrera-Necha, Laura Leticia; Bautista-Banos, Silvia; Bravo-Luna, Leticia; et al.
Revista Mexicana de Fitopatologia  Volume: 22   Issue: 3   Pages: 356-361   Published: 2004
  from Publisher  

44.    Influence of N K fertilization on yield and uptake of N in yambean ( Pachyrhizus erosus) and pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan) grown as intercrops.
Panda, P. K.; Sen, H.; Arunava Mukherjee; et al.
Horticultural Journal  Volume: 17   Issue: 2   Pages: 161-167   Published: 2004

45.    Correlation coefficient and path analysis in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban).
Singh, H. V.; Gaur, G. S.; Rajput, C. B. S.; et al.
Indian Journal of Horticulture  Volume: 61   Issue: 3   Pages: 282-283   Published: 2004

46.    Effect of methods of K application on quality and cracking behaviour of yambean ( Pachyrhizus erosus Rich).
Mishra, S.; Bharati, V.; Singh, C. P.
Journal of Research, Birsa Agricultural University  Volume: 16   Issue: 1   Pages: 65-69   Published: 2004

47.    Functional properties of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) starch
Melo, EA; Stamford, TLM; Silva, MPC; et al.
BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 89   Issue: 1   Pages: 103-106   Published: AUG 2003

48.    Pectinmethylesterase extraction from jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban)
Martinez, NA; Rodriguez, JG; Aguilar, CN; et al.
FOOD SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 12   Issue: 2   Pages: 187-190   Published: APR 2003

49.    Nitrogen fixation and growth of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) in a sodic soil as affected by gypsum and sulphur inoculated with Thiobacillus and rhizobial inoculation
Stamford, NP; Freitas, ADS; Ferraz, DS; et al.
TROPICAL GRASSLANDS  Volume: 37   Issue: 1   Pages: 11-19   Published: MAR 2003

50.    Modificacion de las propiedades funcionales de almidones de yuca (Manihot esculenta. Crantz) y jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus con molienda de alta energia.
Modification of the functional properties of starches in cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz) and jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus) during high energy milling.
Lopez-Soto, M.; Martinez-Bustos, F.; San Martin-Martinez, E.
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ingenieria Agropecuaria  Volume: 6   Issue: 1/2   Pages: 75-78   Published: 2003

51.    Obtencion y caracterizacion de almidones pre-gelatinizados de yuca (M anihot esculenta. Crantz) y de jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus) mediante efecto joule.
Production and characterization of starchy pre-gelatinized cassava ( Manihot esculenta) and jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus) using the Joule effect.
Lopez-Soto, M.; Martinez-Bustos, F.; Zazueta-Morales, J. J.
Revista Chapingo. Serie Ingenieria Agropecuaria  Volume: 6   Issue: 1/2   Pages: 151-154   Published: 2003

52.    Symbiotic root nodule bacteria isolated from yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus)
Fuentes, JB; Abe, M; Uchiumi, T; et al.
JOURNAL OF GENERAL AND APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY  Volume: 48   Issue: 4   Pages: 181-191   Published: AUG 2002

53.    Induction of chilling injury in jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus) roots: changes in texture, color and phenolics
Cantwell, MI; Peiser, G; Mercado-Silva, E
POSTHARVEST BIOLOGY AND TECHNOLOGY  Volume: 25   Issue: 3   Pages: 311-320   Article Number: PII S0925-5214(01)00193-4   Published: JUL 2002

54.    Leaf gas exchange of Pachyrhizus ahipa and P-erosus under water and temperature stress
Leidi, EO
PHOTOSYNTHETICA  Volume: 40   Issue: 3   Pages: 375-381   Published: 2002

55.    Methods of weed control in jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus Urban).
Espinoza, F.; Diaz, Y.; Sorensen, M.; et al.
Revista Chapingo. Serie Horticultura  Volume: 8   Issue: 2   Pages: 135-144   Published: 2002

56.    Effect of sowing dates on biomass production and yield of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) genotypes.
Nedunchezhiyan, M.; Swamy, T. M. S.; Naskar, S. K.
Journal of Root Crops  Volume: 28   Issue: 1   Pages: 26-29   Published: 2002

57.    Exploration of the tuber production potential of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) urban) under field conditions in Sierra Leone
Belford, EJD; Karim, AB; Schroder, P
JOURNAL OF APPLIED BOTANY-ANGEWANDTE BOTANIK  Volume: 75   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 31-38   Published: APR 2001

58.    Characterization of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) protein
Morales-Arellano, GY; Chagolla-Lopez, A; Paredes-Lopez, C; et al.
JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY  Volume: 49   Issue: 3   Pages: 1512-1516   Published: MAR 2001

59.    Variability, heritability, genetic advance and path analysis in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus L.).
Singh, H. V.; Gaur, G. S.; Rajput, C. B. S.; et al.
Indian Journal of Horticulture  Volume: 58   Issue: 4   Pages: 366-370   Published: 2001

60.    Isolation of high quality RNA from seeds and tubers of the Mexican yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus).
Hosein, F.
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter  Volume: 19   Issue: 1   Pages: 65   Published: 2001

61.    Coculture of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) hairy roots with Rhizobium spp.
Cadiz, NM; Vivanco, JM; Flores, HE
IN VITRO CELLULAR & DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY-PLANT  Volume: 36   Issue: 4   Pages: 238-242   Published: JUL-AUG 2000

62.    Yield potential of Yam Bean [Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban] accessions in the Kingdom of Tonga, South Pacific
Nielsen, PE; Sorensen, M; Halafihi, M
TROPICAL AGRICULTURE  Volume: 77   Issue: 3   Pages: 174-179   Published: JUL 2000

63.    Coculture of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) hairy roots with Rhizobium spp
Cadiz, Nina M.; Vivanco, Jorge M.; Flores, Hector E.
In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology Plant  Volume: 36   Issue: 4   Pages: 238-242   Published: July, 2000

64.    The effect of bone meal on the yield of jicama, Pachyrhizus erosus, in Oahu Hawaii.
Valenzuela, H. R.; Goo, T.; Hamasaki, R. H.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 113th Annual Meeting, Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA, 23-25 July 2000.
Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society  Volume: 113   Pages: 222-226   Published: 2000, publ. 2001

65.    Effect of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium fertilization on yam bean inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and growing in an alic latosol soil
Stamford, NP; Santos, CEDES; Medeiros, R; et al.
PESQUISA AGROPECUARIA BRASILEIRA  Volume: 34   Issue: 10   Pages: 1831-1838   Published: OCT 1999

66.    Anatomia foliar de dos especies de Pachyrhizus: P. erosus (L.) Urban y P. tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng.
Leaf anatomy of two species of Pachyrhizus: P. erosus (L.) Urban and P. tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng.
Berlingeri G., C.; Jauregui T., D.
Anales de Botanica Agricola  Volume: 6   Pages: 51-59   Published: 1999

67.    Low temperature and high CO2 atmospheres best maintain the quality of fresh-cut Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus)
Cantwell, M.; Aquino-Bolanos, E. N.; Mercado-Silva, E.; et al.
Conference: 95th Annual International Conference of the American Society for Horticultural Science Location: Charlotte, North Carolina, July 12-15, 1998
Sponsor(s): American Society for Horticultural Science
Hortscience  Volume: 33   Issue: 3   Pages: 458   Published: June, 1998

68.    Investigacion y tecnologia de produccion en el cultivo de Jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en el Estado de Nayarit, Mexico.
Research and production techniques in cultivation of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in the state of Nayarit, Mexico.
Gonzlez Rivas, C.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 155-166   Published: 1998

69.    El cultivo de la jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en la region del Bajio en el Estado de Guanajuato, Mexico.
Production of yam beans ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in the region of Bajio in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico.
Heredia Z., A.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 167-174   Published: 1998

70.    Evaluacion del rendimiento de dos accesiones de Jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en asociacion con el cultivo de yuca ( Manihot esculenta Crantz).
Evaluation of yield of two cultivars of yam beans ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in association with a cultivar of cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz).
Mora Q., A.; Morera M., J. A.; Cadima, F.; et al.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 191-203   Published: 1998

71.    Prueba de eliminacion de flores en el cultivo de Jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) utilizando 2,4-D.
Test of elimination of flowers in a cultivar of yam beans ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) using 2,4-D.
Mora Q., A.; Morera M., J. A.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 221-229   Published: 1998

72.    Fijacion simbiotica de nitrogeno bajo condiciones de campo en Jicama ( Pachyrhizus ahipa (Wedd.) Parodi y P. erosus (L.) Urban).
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation in field conditions in yam beans ( Pachyrhizus ahipa (Wedd.) Parodi and P. erosus (L.) Urban).
Badillo, V.; Castellanos, J. Z.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 389-397   Published: 1998

73.    Estudio quimico y actividad insecticida de semillas de Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Study on the insecticidal activity of seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Alavez-Solano, D.; Reyes Chilpa, J. R.; Jimenez-Estrada, M. A.; et al.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 535-548   Published: 1998

74.    La factibilidad tecnica de extraer rotenona a partir de las semillas de Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Technical feasibility of extracting rotenone from seeds of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Jimenez B., A. G.; Morera, J. A.; Rodriguez, L. B.; et al.
Edited Sorensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 549-556   Published: 1998

75.    Relationship between tuberization and the appearance of a neutral invertase activity in Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban
Vaillant, V; Pilet, F
Conference: 11th Symposium of the International-Society-of-Tropical-Root-Crops Location: TRIN & TOBAGO Date: 1997
Sponsor(s): Int Soc Trop Root Crops
TROPICAL AGRICULTURE  Volume: 75   Issue: 1-2   Pages: 183-185   Published: JAN-APR 1998

76.    Biomass production of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) by individual and coinoculation with Glomus microcarpum and Bradyrhizobium.
Kumar, R. R.; Potty, V. P.
Journal of Root Crops  Volume: 24   Issue: 2   Pages: 143-145   Published: 1998

77.    Efecto del desfloreo en el rendimiento de raices tuberosas de Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Effect of flower removal on the yield of root tubers of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Arevalo T., A.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 125-130   Published: 1998

78.    Yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) and its economic potential.
Ratanadilok, N.; Suriyawan, K.; Thanaisawanrayangkura, S.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 261-273   Published: 1998

79.    Effet de l'ablation des inflorescences sur le rendement en tubercule de quelques accessions de Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban et de P. tuberosus (Lam.) Sprengel.
Effects of inflorescence removal on tuber yield of some accessions of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban and P. tuberosus (Lam.) Sprengel.
Adjahossou, D. F.; Ade, J.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 97-114   Published: 1998

80.    Efecto del desfloreo sobre el rendimiento de Jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en Nayarit, Mexico.
Effects of flower removal on yield of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in Nayarit, Mexico.
Caro V., F. de J.; Casillas R., D.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 131-137   Published: 1998

81.    Estudio del crecimiento y desarollo de plantas de Jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en asociacion con el cultivo de yuca ( Manihot esculenta Crantz).
A study of growth and development of plants of yam beans ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in association with a cultivar of cassava ( Manihot esculenta Crantz).
Morera M., J. A.; Mora Q., A.; Cadima, F.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 205-219   Published: 1998

82.    Comparative development of three species of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, P. tuberosus (Lam.) Spreng. and P. ahipa (Wedd.) Parodi).
Venthou-Dumaine, A.; Vaillant, V.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 291-296   Published: 1998

83.    Quelques aspects des mechanismes de tolerance a la secheresse chez deux genotypes de Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban et un genotype de Pachyrhizus tuberosus (Lam.) Sprengel.
Some aspects of mechanisms of drought tolerance in two genotypes of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban and one genotype of Pachyrhizus tuberosus (Lam.) Sprengel.
Adjahossou, D. F.; Ade, J.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 361-375   Published: 1998

84.    Changes in soluble carbohydrates and activities of sucrose-cleaving enzymes during tuberisation of Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban.
Desfontaines, L.; Vaillant, V.; Constant, P.; et al.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 399-406   Published: 1998

85.    Screening arbuscular mycorrhiza on yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban).
Grum, M.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 413-418   Published: 1998

86.    Problematica del manejo postcosecha de Jicama, Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, en la zona centro de Mexico.
Problems in post-harvest operations in yam beans, Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban, in the central zone of Mexico.
Mercado-Silva, E.; Cantwell, M.; Martinez, M.; et al.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 441-452   Published: 1998

87.    Propagacion in vitro de jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) en Ecuador.
In vitro propagation of yam beans ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) in Ecuador.
Munoz, L.; Krogstrup, P.; Estrella, J.; et al.
Edited Srensen, M.; Estrella E., J. E.; Hamann, O. J.; et al.
Conference: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.
Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes, Celaya, Guanajuato, Mexico, 5-8 August 1996.  Pages: 453-467   Published: 1998

88.    Effects of inoculation with Bradyrhizobium and urea application on nitrogen fixation and growth of yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus) as affected by phosphorus fertilisers in an acid soil
Cruz, GN; Stamford, NP; Silva, JAA; et al.
TROPICAL GRASSLANDS  Volume: 31   Issue: 6   Pages: 538-542   Published: DEC 1997

89.    Isolation and characterisation of promoter sequences and genes from yam bean, (Pachyrhizus erosus (L) Urban).
SirjuCharran, G; Hosein, F
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY  Volume: 114   Issue: 3   Supplement: S   Pages: 875-875   Published: JUL 1997

90.    Symbiotic nitrogen fixation and yield of Pachyrhizus erosus (L) urban cultivars and Pachyrhizus ahipa (WEDD) parodi landraces as affected by flower pruning
Castellanos, JZ; Zapata, F; Badillo, V; et al.
Conference: International Symposium on The Role of Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Sustainable Agriculture for the Tropics Location: ANGRA DOS REIS, BRAZIL Date: NOV, 1995
Sponsor(s): Natl Ctr Agrobiol Res; Fed Rural Univ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Brazilian Agr Res Org; CNPQ; Financiadora Estudos & Projectos; Rio de Janeiro State Res Fdn; Third World Acad Sci; Brazilian Natl Res Council
SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 29   Issue: 5-6   Pages: 973-981   Published: MAY-JUN 1997

91.    Developmental patterns of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) plant and the chemical constituents of roots grown in Sonora, Mexico
Fernandez, MV; Warid, WA; Loaiza, JM; et al.
PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION  Volume: 50   Issue: 4   Pages: 279-286   Published: 1997

92.    Isolation and characterisation of promoter sequences and genes from yam bean, (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban)
Sirju-Charran, Grace; Hosein, Felicia
Conference: PLANT BIOLOGY '97: 1997 Annual Meetings of the American Society of Plant Physiologists and the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists, Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists and the Australian Society of Plant Physiologists Location: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Date: August 2-6, 1997
Plant Physiology (Rockville)  Volume: 114   Issue: 3 SUPPL.   Pages: 178   Published: 1997

93.    Enzymatic hydrolysis of starch from Jacatupe (Pachyrhizus erosus L Urban) by thermostable amylolytic enzymes
Melo, ED; Vieira, R; Krieger, N; et al.
STARCH-STARKE  Volume: 48   Issue: 3   Pages: 101-104   Published: MAR 1996

94.    Effect of planting methods on root characters of jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban).
Fernandez, M. V.; Warid, W. A.; Loaiza, J. M.; et al.
Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture  Volume: 40   Issue: 1   Pages: 26-28   Published: 1996

95.    Chemical composition and nutritional potential of yam bean seeds (Pachyrhizus erosus L Urban)
Santos, ACO; Cavalcanti, MSM; Coelho, LCBB
PLANT FOODS FOR HUMAN NUTRITION  Volume: 49   Issue: 1   Pages: 35-41   Published: JAN 1996

96.    Enzymatic hydrolysis of starch from jacatupe (Pachyrhizus erosus L. Urban) by thermostable amylolytic enzymes
Melo, E. De A.; Vieira, R.; Krieger, N.; et al.
Starch  Volume: 48   Issue: 3   Pages: 101-104   Published: 1996

97.    Growth and tuber yield of yam bean (Pachyrrhizus erosus) as affected by sowing dates
Sen, H; Goswami, SB; Das, PK
Edited Kurup, GT; Palaniswami, MS; Potty, VP; et al.
Conference: International Symposium on Tropical Tuber Crops - Problems, Prospects and Future Strategies Location: TRIVANDRUM, INDIA Date: NOV 06-09, 1993
Sponsor(s): Indian Soc Root Crops; Cent Tuber Crops Res Inst
TROPICAL TUBER CROPS: PROBLEMS, PROSPECTS AND FUTURE STRATEGIES  Pages: 315-317   Published: 1996

98.    ASSIMILATE PARTITIONING IN PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS TUBERS UNDER SHORT DAYS
VAILLANT, V; DESFONTAINES, L
PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM  Volume: 93   Issue: 3   Pages: 558-562   Published: MAR 1995

99.    Investigacion en jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus) y su potencial para el desarrollo agricola de la region.
Research on yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus) and its potential for the agricultural growth of the region.
Mora, A.; Morera, J.
Agronomia Mesoamericana  Volume: 6   Pages: 1-6   Published: 1995

100.    PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF JACATUPE (PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS L URBAN) STARCH
MELO, ED; KRIEGER, N; STAMFORD, TLM
STARCH-STARKE  Volume: 46   Issue: 7   Pages: 245-247   Published: JUL 1994

101.    Studies on the constituents of Pachyrhizus erosus
Yahara, Shoji; Irino, Nobuto; Takaoka, Tsuneo; et al.
Natural Medicines  Volume: 48   Issue: 4   Pages: 312-313   Published: 1994

102.    REMOBILIZATION OF PACHYRHIZUS EROSUS RESERVE CARBOHYDRATES IN RESPONSE TO STEM GIRDLING
VAILLANT, V; DESFONTAINES, L
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 31   Issue: 6   Pages: 893-899   Published: NOV-DEC 1993

103.    El cultivo de la jicama, Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban (Leguminosae), en el Rancho San Pedro, municipio de Coatepec, Veracruz, Mexico.
Cultivation of yam bean, Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban (Leguminosae), on the Rancho San Pedro, Coatepec, Veracruz, Mexico.
Zulueta Rodriguez, R.
Brenesia  Issue: 39/40   Pages: 109-117   Published: 1993

104.    Cultivation of the Mexican yam bean, Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban (Leguminosae), in the Rancho San Pedro, town of Coatepec, Veracruz, Mexico
Zulueta Rodriguez, Ramon
Brenesia  Volume: 0   Issue: 39-40   Pages: 109-117   Published: 1993

105.    Impact of planting method and seed color on root development of Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus (L) Urban)
Fernandez, Maria V.; Warid, Warid A.; Loaiza, Juan M.; et al.
Conference: 90th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Horticultural Science Location: Nashville, Tennessee, USA Date: July 24-29, 1993
Hortscience  Volume: 28   Issue: 5   Pages: 162   Published: 1993

106.    Postharvest respiration, moisture loss, sensory analysis and compositional changes in jicama ( Pachyrhizus erosus) roots.
Bergsma, K. A.; Brecht, J. K.
Acta Horticulturae  Issue: 318   Pages: 325-332   Published: 1992

107.    THE DEVELOPMENTAL ANATOMY OF THE ROOT-SYSTEM IN YAM BEAN, PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS URBAN
DABYDEEN, S; SIRJUCHARRAN, G
ANNALS OF BOTANY  Volume: 66   Issue: 3   Pages: 313-320   Published: SEP 1990

108.    ASSIMILATE PARTITIONING IN PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS DURING LONG-DAY VEGETATIVE DEVELOPMENT
ROBIN, C; VAILLANT, V; VANSUYT, G; et al.
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 28   Issue: 3   Pages: 343-349   Published: MAY-JUN 1990

109.    EFFECTS OF THE INHIBITION OF NODULE METABOLISM BY NITRATE ON THE REGULATION OF ASSIMILATE PARTITIONING IN PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS
VAILLANT, V; ROBIN, C; ZINSOU, C
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY  Volume: 28   Issue: 1   Pages: 131-136   Published: JAN-FEB 1990

110.    CYTOTOXIC CONSTITUENTS OF THE SEEDS OF PACHYRRHIZUS-EROSUS
KARDONO L B S; TSAURI S; PADMAWINATA K; et al.
Conference: MEETING ON BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY OF ACTIVE NATURAL SUBSTANCES HELD AT THE INTERNATIONAL JOINT SYMPOSIUM OF THE SOCIETY FOR MEDICINAL PLANT RESEARCH, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PHARMACOGNOSY, ASSOCIATION FRANCAISE POUR L'ENSEIGNEMENT ET LA RECHERCHE EN PHARMACOGNOSIE (FRENCH ASSOCIATION FOR EDUCATION AND RESEARCH IN PHARMACOGNOSY), AND THE PHYTOCHEMICAL SOCIETY OF EUROPE, BONN, GERMANY, JULY 17-22, 1990. PLANTA MED.
Planta Medica  Volume: 56   Issue: 6   Pages: 673-674   Published: 1990

111.    EMS induced dwarf and high yielding mutant in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus Linn.).
Nair, S. G.; Abraham, S.
Mutation Breeding Newsletter  Issue: 36   Pages: 5-6   Published: 1990

112.    Le dolique tubereux ( Pachyrhizus erosus Urban): un nouveau legume pour les Antilles.
Mexican yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus Urban): a new legume for the Antilles.
Zinsou, C.
Bulletin Agronomique Antilles-Guyane  Issue: 8   Pages: 42-48   Published: 1989

113.    GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF YAM BEAN PACHYRHIZUS EROSUS URBAN .1. EFFECTS OF GIBBERELLIC-ACID (GA3) AND CHLOROCHOLINE CHLORIDE (CCC) UNDER SHORT-DAY CONDITIONS
ZINSOU, C; VENTHOUDUMAINE, A; VANSUYT, G
AGRONOMIE  Volume: 7   Issue: 9   Pages: 677-683   Published: 1987

114.    GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF PACHYRHIZUS EROSUS URBAN .2. EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIC-ACID AND CHLOROCHOLINE CHLORIDE ON CARBOHYDRATE-COMPOSITION OF THE DEVELOPING TUBEROUS ROOT
ZINSOU, C; VANSUYT, G; VENTHOUDUMAINE, A
AGRONOMIE  Volume: 7   Issue: 10   Pages: 821-825   Published: 1987

115.    EFFECTS OF SOIL FERTILITY ON GROWTH, TUBER YIELD, NODULATION AND NITROGEN-FIXATION OF YAM BEAN (PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS (L) URBAN) GROWN ON A TYPIC EUTRUSTOX
LYND, JQ; PURCINO, AAC
JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION  Volume: 10   Issue: 5   Pages: 485-500   Published: 1987

116.    Chemical deflowering in yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus) with 2,4-D spray.
Mishra, S. S.; Mishra, S.
Conference: Abstracts of papers, annual conference of Indian Society of Weed Science, 1985.
Abstracts of papers, annual conference of Indian Society of Weed Science, 1985.  Pages: 57   Published: undated

117.    EFFECT OF STORAGE AND HEAT-TREATMENTS ON THE SUGAR CONSTITUENTS IN CASSAVA AND YAMBEAN ROOTS
KAWABATA, A; SAWAYAMA, S; DELROSARIO, RR; et al.
JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-NIPPON SHOKUHIN KAGAKU KOGAKU KAISHI  Volume: 33   Issue: 6   Pages: 441-449   Published: 1986

118.    New vegetable crops: the yam bean [ Pachyrhizus erosus].
Nothmann, Y.
Hassadeh  Volume: 67   Issue: 1   Pages: 62-64   Published: 1986

119.    DISTRIBUTION OF NITROGEN-COMPOUNDS AND PURINE CATABOLISM IN YAM BEAN PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS URBAN
LAMAZE, T; VANSUYT, G; ZINSOU, C
AGRONOMIE  Volume: 5   Issue: 10   Pages: 933-938   Published: 1985

120.    PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE YAM BEAN PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS GROWN IN NORTH FLORIDA USA SANDY SOIL
GILLIS S C; BUHR K L
Conference: 48TH ANNUAL MEETING OF THE FLORIDA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, BOCA RATON, FLA., USA, MAR. 29-31, 1984. FLA SCI.
Florida Scientist  Volume: 47   Issue: SUPPL. 1   Pages: 3   Published: 1984

121.    NODULATION OF THE JICAMA PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS IN THE GUANAJUATO FLATS MEXICO
TAMEZ G P; PENA-CABRIALES J J
Conference: 15TH NATIONAL CONGRESS OF MICROBIOLOGY AND THE MEXICAN ASSOCIATION OF MICROBIOLOGY, VERACRUZ, MEXICO, JUNE 3-7, 1984. REV LATINOAM MICROBIOL.
Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia  Volume: 26   Issue: 2   Pages: 178   Published: 1984

122.    Effects of staking and of inflorescence pruning on the root production of yam bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus Urban).
Noda, H.; Kerr, W. E.
Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin  Issue: 27   Pages: 35-37   Published: 1983

123.    POST-HARVEST DISEASES OF JICAMA
BRUTON, BD
PHYTOPATHOLOGY  Volume: 72   Issue: 7   Pages: 1009-1009   Published: 1982

124.    Influencia de la humedad en el rendimiento y forma de la raiz de la jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus L.).
The effect of soil moisture on the yield and form of roots of the yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus L.).
Saray Meza, C. R.; Palacios Alvarez, A.
Chapingo  Issue: 21/22   Pages: 17-23   Published: 1980

125.    Effect of gamma irradiation on tuber characteristics in yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus Rich.).
Tiwary, R.; Prakash, R.; Sharma, C. M.; et al.
Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin  Issue: 17/18   Pages: 40-42   Published: 1980

126.    DAYLENGTH EFFECT ON ROOT DEVELOPMENT OF JICAMA (PACHYRRHIZUS-EROSUS URBAN)
COTTER, DJ; GOMEZ, RE
HORTSCIENCE  Volume: 14   Issue: 6   Pages: 733-734   Published: 1979

127.    ISOFLAVONOID PHYTOALEXINS OF YAM BEAN (PACHYRRHIZUS-EROSUS)
INGHAM, JL
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES  Volume: 34   Issue: 9-10   Pages: 683-688   Published: 1979

128.    Genotypic and phenotypic correlation studies in yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus).
Sinha, R. P.; Prakash, R.; Haque, M. F.
Tropical Grain Bulletin  Issue: 7   Pages: 24-25   Published: 1977

129.    Genetic variability in yam bean (Pachyrhizus erosus Urban).
Sinha, R. P.; Prakash, R.; Haque, M. F.
Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin  Issue: 7   Pages: 21-23   Published: 1977

130.    FLORAL BIOLOGY OF YAM-BEAN, PACHYRHIZUS-EROSUS (L) URB
PRASAD, D; PRAKASH, R
INDIAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES  Volume: 43   Issue: 6   Pages: 531-535   Published: 1973

131.    First varieties of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus).
Laborde, J. A.
Tropical Root and Tuber Crops Newsletter  Issue: 6   Pages: 42   Published: 1972

132.    Effect of flower removal on the yield of jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus).
Heredia Z., A.
Proceedings of the Tropical Region, American Society for Horticultural Science  Volume: 15   Pages: 146-150   Published: 1971

133.    Cultivo de la jicama.
Cultivation of Pachyrhizus erosus.
Pinto Cortes, B.
Novedades Horticolas  Volume: 15   Issue: 1/4   Pages: 31-34   Published: 1970

134.    De zaden van Pachyrrhizus erosus, een nieuw insecticide
The seeds of P. erosus. a new insecticide
JAKOBS, H.
CHRON NAT  Volume: 105   Issue: (4)   Pages: 122-123   Published: 1949

135.    Composition of Philippine singkamas oil from the seeds of Pachyr-rhizus erosus (Linn.) Urb
CRUZ, AURELIO O.
PHILIPPINE JOUR SCI  Volume: 78   Issue: (2)   Pages: 145-147   Published: 1949

136.    A preliminary Report on the chemical Composition of Yam Bean ( Pachyrhizus erosus Urban), a new Rotenone bearing Plant.
HWANG, Shui-lwen
Kwangsi Agriculture  Volume: 2   Issue: 4   Pages: 269-280 pp.   Published: 1941

No comments:

If you find objectionable content on this blog please Email me anandkumarreddy at gmail dot com I will remove it. The contents of this blog are meant for students and researchers of Indian system of Medicine for educational purpose and not for commercial use.

This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services, to personalise ads and to analyse traffic. Information about your use of this site is shared with Google. By using this site, you agree to its use of cookies.

Labels

Abelmoschus esculentus Abelmoschus ficulneus Abies pindrow Abies spectabilis Abies webbiana Abroma augusta Abrus precatorius Abutilon hirtum Abutilon indicum Acacia catechu Acacia farnesiana Acacia horrida Acacia nilotica Acalypha wilkesiana Acer acuminatum Acer cappadocicum Achillea millefolium Achyranthes aspera Aconitum heterophyllum Adhatoda vasica Aegle marmelos Aerva javanica Aeschynomene americana Aesculus indica Ageratum conyzoides Alangium salviifolium Albizia saman Alcea rosea Aleurites moluccana Aleurites triloba Allium cepa Alocasia fornicata Alocasia indica Alocasia macrorrhizos Aloe vera Alpinia calcarata Alpinia galanga Alpinia officinarum Alstonia scholaris Alternative and Complementary Medicine Journals Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus graecizans Amaranthus viridis Ammannia baccifera Ammi majus Amomum subulatum Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Anacyclus pyrethrum Anagallis arvensis Andrographis echioides Andrographis ovata Andrographis paniculata Anemone rivularis Anemone tetrasepala Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium andraeanum Apium leptophyllum Apluda mutica Arabidopsis thaliana Arachis hypogaea Argemone mexicana Arisaema tortuosum Aristolochia littoralis Artemisia japonica Artocarpus heterophyllus Arundinella setosa Arundo donax Aspidopterys wallichii Aster albescens Astragalus leucocephalus Asystasia gangetica Avena sativa Averrhoa carambola Azadirachta indica Bacopa monnieri Bambusa Bambos Bambusa multiplex Bambusa vulgaris Barleria cristata Barleria prionitis Basilicum polystachyon Bauhinia purpurea Bauhinia racemosa Bauhinia scandens Bauhinia vahlii Bauhinia variegata Benincasa hispida Biophytum sensitivum Bixa orellana Blepharis integrifolia Blepharis maderaspatensis Blumea lacera Boerhavia diffusa Bombax ceiba Borassus flabellifer Boswellia ovalifoliolata Boswellia serrata Buchnera hispida Butea monosperma Caesalpinia bonduc Caesalpinia pulcherrima Cajanus scarabaeoides Caladium bicolor Caleana major Calendula officinalis Calophyllum inophyllum Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Camellia sinensis Campanula latifolia Cananga odorata Canscora diffusa Capparis sepiaria Capparis zeylanica Cardamine hirsuta Cardiocrinum giganteum Cardiospermum halicacabum Carduus edelbergii Carrichtera annua Carthamus oxyacantha Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Cassia angustifolia Cassia auriculata Cassia fistula Cassia occidentalis Catesbaea spinosa Catharanthus roseus Cayratia trifolia Cedrela toona Ceiba insignis Ceiba pentandra Celastrus paniculatus Celosia argentea Centaurium erythraea Centella asiatica Cestrum diurnum Chaerophyllum reflexum Chamaesyce hypericifolia Chenopodium album Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodium murale Chrozophora rottleri Cicer arietinum Cinnamomum camphora Cinnamomum tamala Cinnamomum verum Cissampelos pareira Cissus quadrangularis Citrullus lanatus Cleistanthus patulus Clematis gouriana Clematis montana Cleome gynandra Clerodendrum chinense Clerodendrum indicum Clerodendrum infortunatum Clerodendrum laevifolium Clerodendrum philippinum Clerodendrum phlomidis Clerodendrum serratum Clerodendrum splendens Clerodendrum wallichii Coccinia grandis Cocculus hirsutus Cocculus laurifolius Cochlospermum religiosum Coix lacryma-jobi Colebrookea oppositifolia Coleus aromaticus Colocasia esculenta Combretum indicum Commelina benghalensis Commelina maculata Commelina paludosa Commiphora mukul Commiphora wightii Conocarpus lancifolius Consolida ajacis Convolvulus pluricaulis Cordyline fruticosa Corydalis cornuta Cosmos sulphureus Costus speciosus Cotinus coggygria Couroupita guianensis Crinum asiaticum Crocus sativus Crossandra infundibuliformis Crotalaria alata Crotalaria pallida Crotalaria prostrata Croton klotzschianus Croton scabiosus Croton tiglium Cryptolepis buchananii Cryptolepis dubia Cryptostegia grandiflora Cucumis sativus Cupressus torulosa Curcuma amada Curcuma longa Cuscuta reflexa Cyananthus lobatus Cyanthillium cinereum Cycas revoluta Cyclanthera pedata Cymbopogon nardus Cynodon dactylon Cyperus laevigatus Cyperus malaccensis Cyperus rotundus Dactyloctenium aegyptium Dactylorhiza hatagirea Dalbergia latifolia Datisca cannabina Datura metel Datura stramonium Daucus carota Delphinium ajacis Delphinium denudatum Delphinium elatum Dendrobium densiflorum Dendrobium ovatum Derris scandens Desmodium concinnum Desmodium gangeticum Desmodium heterocarpon Desmodium multiflorum Desmodium triflorum Dicliptera paniculata Didymocarpus pedicellatus Dillenia indica Dimorphocalyx glabellus Dimorphoteca ecklonis Dioscorea alata Dioscorea polygonoides Diospyros malabarica Dipteracanthus patulus Dipteracanthus prostratus Dolichos biflorus Dregea volubilis Drimia indica Drosera peltata Duranta erecta Dysoxylum binectariferum Dysoxylum gotadhora Dysphania ambrosioides Echinocereus pentalophus Echinops niveus Echium plantagineum Edgeworthia gardneri Eichhornia crassipes Elaeagnus umbellata Elaeocarpus ganitrus Elephantopus scaber Eleutheranthera ruderalis Elsholtzia fruticosa Emblica officinalis Enterolobium cyclocarpum Ephedra foliata Ephedra gerardiana Epipactis helleborine Eranthemum pulchellum Eryngium foetidum Erysimum hieraciifolium Erythrina suberosa Erythrina variegata Euonymus echinatus Euonymus japonicus Eupatorium capillifolium Eupatorium perfoliatum Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbia cornigera Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbia granulata Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbia hirta Euphorbia hypericifolia Euphorbia milii Euphorbia nivulia Euphorbia peplus Euphorbia tirucalli Fagonia cretica Fagopyrum acutatum Ferula foetida Ficus elastica Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Filipendula vestita Flacourtia indica Flemingia procumbens Flemingia semialata Foeniculum vulgare Free Access Journal Fumaria indica Fumaria parviflora Furcraea foetida Galega officinalis General Gentiana kurroo Geranium lucidum Geranium nepalense Geranium pratense Geranium wallichianum Ghee Globba schomburgkii Glochidion hohenackeri Gloriosa superba Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gomphrena globosa Gomphrena serrata Goodyera repens Grewia asiatica Grewia optiva Grewia serrulata Grewia tenax Gymnema sylvestre Habenaria edgeworthii Handroanthus impetiginosus Hedychium spicatum Helianthus annuus Helicteres isora Helinus lanceolatus Heliotropium indicum Hemidesmus indicus Hemigraphis alternata Hemigraphis colorata Hemigraphis hirta Heracleum sphondylium Herpetospermum pedunculosum Hibiscus cannabinus Hibiscus esculentus Hibiscus hirtus Hibiscus lobatus Hibiscus radiatus Hibiscus vitifolius Hippophae rhamnoides Holarrhena antidysenterica Holarrhena pubescens Holoptelea integrifolia Hosta plantaginea Hoya carnosa Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Hydrolea zeylanica Hygrophila auriculata Hygrophila polysperma Hygrophila schulli Hylocereus undatus Hymenocallis speciosa Hyoscyamus niger Hypericum dyeri Hypericum elodeoides Hypericum oblongifolium Hyptis suaveolens Ilex dipyrena Impatiens balsamina Impatiens racemosa Indigofera aspalathoides Indigofera astragalina Indigofera glabra Ipomoea alba Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea marginata Isodon rugosus Ixeris polycephala Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacquemontia pentantha Jasminum auriculatum Jasminum multiflorum Jatropha curcas Jatropha gossypifolia Juncus thomsonii Justicia adhatoda Justicia brandegeeana Justicia carnea Justicia gendarussa Justicia pubigera Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kallstroemia pubescens Koelreuteria elegans Koenigia delicatula Kopsia fruticosa Kydia calycina Kyllinga brevifolia Lablab purpureus Lactuca dissecta Lantana camara Lathyrus sativus Leea aequata Lens culinaris Leonotis nepetifolia Leonurus cardiaca Lepidium sativum Lepisanthes rubiginosa Leucas aspera Leucas nutans Leucostemma latifolium Leycesteria formosa Ligularia amplexicaulis Ligularia fischeri Lilium polyphyllum Linum usitatissimum Liparis nervosa Liquidambar formosana Litsea monopetala Lupinus angustifolius Macaranga peltata Maesa argentea Magnolia champaca Mahonia napaulensis Malachra Capitata Mallotus nudiflorus Mallotus philippinensis Malva sylvestris Malvastrum coromandelianum Martynia annua Medicago lupulina Medicinal Plants of India Melilotus indicus Melochia corchorifolia Memecylon edule Memecylon umbellatum Mercurialis annua Meriandra strobilifera Merremia cissoides Mesua ferrea Micrococca mercuriali Micromeria biflora Mikania micrantha Millettia pinnata Mimosa polyancistra Mimosa pudica Mitragyna parvifolia Modiola caroliniana Momordica charantia Momordica cochinchinensis Morinda citrifolia Morinda pubescens Moringa oleifera Mucuna pruriens Muehlenbeckia platyclada Muehlenbeckia platyclados Muntingia calabura Murdannia nudiflora Murraya koenigii Muscari neglectum Myriactis nepalensis Myristica fragrans Myrtus communis Naravelia zeylanica Nardostachys grandiflora Nardostachys jatamansi Naringi crenulata Nasturtium officinale Nelumbo nucifera Neolamarckia cadamba Nepeta laevigata Nerium indicum Nerium oleander Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Nicotiana rustica Nicotiana tabacum Nigella sativa Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaea pubescens Nymphoides indica Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum kilimandscharicum Ocimum sanctum Oldenlandia umbellata Ononis natrix Ononis repens Ononis spinosa Operculina turpethum Origanum majorana Oroxylum indicum Osteospermum ecklonis Others Oxyria digyna Pachygone ovata Pachyrhizus erosus Paederia foetida Pandanus tectorius Passiflora caerulea Passiflora vitifolia Pavetta indica Pentapetes phoenicea Pentas lanceolata Peperomia argyreia Peperomia heyneana Peperomia pellucida Peperomia sandersii Peperomia tetraphylla Perilla frutescens Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria barbata Persicaria capitata Persicaria glabra Persicaria nepalensis Phalaenopsis taenialis Phaulopsis dorsiflora Philodendron bipinnatifidum Phlomis bracteosa Phlomoides bracteosa Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus amarus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllanthus lawii Phyllanthus rotundifolius Physalis grisea Physalis peruviana Picrorhiza kurroa Pilea microphylla Piper betle Piper longum Piper nigrum Pisonia aculeata Pistia stratiotes Pisum sativum Plantago orbignyana Plantago ovata Platanthera edgeworthii Platostoma elongatum Plectranthus barbatus Plectranthus scutellarioides Plumbago auriculata Plumbago capensis Plumbago zeylanica Plumeria rubra Podranea ricasoliana Polemonium caeruleum Polygala crotalarioides Polygala persicariifolia Polygonatum verticillatum Polygonum amplexicaule Polygonum barbatum Polygonum recumbens Pongamia pinnata Portulaca oleracea Portulaca umbraticola Portulacaria afra Potentilla fruticosa Potentilla supina Premna corymbosa Premna tomentosa Primula denticulata Primula floribunda Primula vulgaris Prunus Amygdalus Prunus dulcis Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Pseudobombax ellipticum Pseudocaryopteris foetida Psidium guajava Psidium guineense Pterocarpus santalinus Pterospermum acerifolium Pterospermum lanceifolium Pterygota alata Pulicaria dysenterica Punica granatum Putranjiva roxburghii Pyrostegia venusta Quisqualis indica Ranunculus arvensis Ranunculus laetus Ranunculus sceleratus Raphanus sativus Rauvolfia serpentina Rauvolfia tetraphylla Reinwardtia indica Rhamphicarpa fistulosa Rhodiola trifida Rhodiola wallichiana Rhododendron arboreum Rhynchosia himalensis Rhynchosia viscosa Ricinus communis Rorippa indica Roscoea purpurea Rosmarinus officinalis Ruellia patula Ruellia prostrata Ruellia tuberosa Rumex dentatus Rumex hastatus Rungia pectinata Saccharum officinarum Saccharum spontaneum Salix denticulata Salix tetrasperma Salvadora persica Salvia involucrata Salvia nubicola Salvia splendens Sambucus canadensis Sambucus mexicana Sambucus nigra Santalum album Sapindus saponaria Saussurea auriculata Saussurea candicans Saussurea obvallata Scadoxus multiflorus Scutellaria grossa Scutellaria repens Sedum oreades Semecarpus anacardium Senna auriculata Senna occidentalis Senna siamea Senna sophera Sesbania bispinosa Sesbania grandiflora Seseli diffusum Sesuvium portulacastrum Setaria verticillata Shorea robusta Sida cordata Sida cordifolia Sida retusa Sida spinosa Sideritis hirsuta Smithia ciliata Solanum chrysotrichum Solanum erianthum Solanum jasminoides Solanum melongena Solanum nigrum Solanum sisymbriifolium Solanum surattense Solanum torvum Solanum tuberosum Solanum villosum Soymida febrifuga Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Sphenoclea zeylanica Spiranthes australis Spiranthes sinensis Spondias pinnata Stellaria media Stephania japonica Sterculia alata Sterculia foetida Sterculia villosa Stereospermum tetragonum Stevia rebaudiana Striga asiatica Strophanthus boivinii Strychnos minor Strychnos potatorum Suaeda maritima Suregada multiflora Swertia angustifolia Swertia bimaculata Swertia cordata Swertia paniculata Swietenia macrophylla Swietenia mahagoni Syzygium alternifolium Syzygium aromaticum Syzygium cumini Syzygium jambos Syzygium samarangense Tabebuia aurea Tabebuia avellanedae Talinum portulacifolium Tamarindus indica Taxus baccata Tecoma castanifolia Tephrosia purpurea Teramnus labialis Terminalia alata Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia elliptica Terminalia pallida Teucrium botrys Teucrium royleanum Thalictrum foliolosum Thespesia populnea Thunbergia erecta Thunbergia fragrans Thunbergia grandiflora Thymus linearis Tiliacora acuminata Tiliacora racemosa Tinospora cordifolia Tinospora crispa Tinospora sinensis Toona ciliata Trewia nudiflora Tribulus terrestris Trichodesma indicum Trichosanthes cucumerina Trichosanthes palmata Trichosanthes tricuspidata Trifolium repens Trigonella foenum-graecum Triumfetta rhomboidea Tylophora indica Uraria picta Urena lobata Urena sinuata Urginea coromandeliana Vachellia horrida Valeriana jatamansi Vanda tessellata Veronica serpyllifolia Viburnum coriaceum Vicia bakeri Vicia faba Vicia sativa Vigna radiata Vigna unguiculata Vinca rosea Viola rupestris Viscum album Vitex negundo Vitis vinifera Withania somnifera Wrightia tinctoria Wulfeniosis amherstiana Zamia furfuracea Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus mauritiana